IUI is the process of placing processed semen sample containing motile sperms through the cervix into the uterine cavity around the time of ovulation. Generally a recommendation of maximum three IUI cycles is given to patients.
A patient will generally be advised medications (oral tablets and / or Gonadotropin injections) from day 2 or 3 of your menses for 5-10 days. Patient’s response will be monitored by ultrasonography every 3-4 days. When the follicle/s are of appropriate size, the final process of ovulation will be triggered with an injection of HCG and the IUI procedure will be planned approximately 36 hours later.
The male partner needs to provide his semen sample on the day of an IUI. If a problem is anticipated, previously preserved sample can also be used. The semen sample is processed in the laboratory and then injected into the uterus. The patient may then be given medications for support for the next 14 days at the end of which a serum beta-HCG test is done to confirm pregnancy.
Worldwide, the success rates for IUI average at about 15%. Around 80% of the pregnancies occur within the first three IUI cycles.